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Witness to Surrender PDF: A Firsthand Account of the 1971 Bangladesh War by Siddiq Salik


Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik: A Firsthand Account of the 1971 Bangladesh War




The 1971 Bangladesh War was one of the most significant and tragic events in the history of South Asia. It resulted in the separation of East Pakistan from West Pakistan and the birth of a new nation, Bangladesh. It also involved a massive humanitarian crisis, a genocide, and a military intervention by India.




witness to surrender by siddiq salik pdf download



Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik is a rare and valuable book that offers a firsthand account of this war from the perspective of a Pakistani officer who was stationed in Dhaka during the entire period. Salik was a witness to the political turmoil, the civil disobedience, the military crackdown, the guerrilla warfare, the Indian invasion, and the final surrender of the Pakistani forces. He was also a prisoner of war for two years after the war ended.


In this article, we will review Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik and explore its importance, its main events and themes, its strengths and weaknesses, and how to download it in PDF format for free.


The author's background and perspective




Siddiq Salik was a brigadier in the Pakistan Army who served as a public relations officer and a press adviser to various military commanders in East Pakistan. He was also a journalist and a writer who had published several books before Witness to Surrender.


Salik was born in Punjab in 1935 and joined the army in 1954. He was posted in East Pakistan in 1969 and remained there until 1971. He was one of the few officers who could speak Bengali and had close contacts with local politicians, journalists, intellectuals, and civilians. He was also one of the few officers who tried to understand and sympathize with the grievances and aspirations of the Bengali people.


Salik's perspective on the war is unique and balanced. He does not shy away from criticizing the mistakes and atrocities committed by both sides. He also does not hide his loyalty and admiration for his fellow soldiers and officers who fought bravely against overwhelming odds. He tries to present an objective and factual account of what he saw and experienced during the war.


The main events and themes of the book




Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik covers the entire period of the war from March 1971 to December 1971. It is divided into four parts: Prelude, Crackdown, Resistance, and Surrender.


The first part, Prelude, describes the political situation in East Pakistan before the war. It explains how the Awami League led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman won a landslide victory in the 1970 elections but was denied power by President Yahya Khan and his military junta. It also describes how Mujib launched a non-cooperation movement against West Pakistan and declared independence on March 26, 1971.


The second part, Crackdown, describes how Yahya Khan ordered a military operation against Mujib and his supporters on March 25, 1971. It details how thousands of Bengalis were killed, arrested, or displaced by the Pakistani army. It also describes how some Bengali officers and soldiers mutinied and joined the Mukti Bahini, the liberation army of Bangladesh.


The third part, Resistance, describes how the Mukti Bahini waged a guerrilla war against the Pakistani army with the help of India and other countries. It details how the Pakistani army faced shortages of food, fuel, ammunition, and morale. It also describes how the Indian army intervened on December 3, 1971 and launched a full-scale attack on East Pakistan.


The fourth part, Surrender, describes how the Pakistani army was surrounded and outnumbered by the Indian army and the Mukti Bahini. It details how the Pakistani army surrendered on December 16, 1971 and how Salik and his colleagues became prisoners of war. It also describes how Salik spent two years in Indian camps before being released in 1973.


Some of the main themes of the book are: - The political and cultural differences between East and West Pakistan and how they led to the breakup of the country. - The role of India and other countries in supporting or opposing the liberation of Bangladesh. - The human cost and suffering of the war on both sides and among civilians. - The courage and professionalism of the Pakistani soldiers and officers who fought against impossible odds. - The challenges and dilemmas of being a loyal soldier and a humane person in a war situation.


The strengths and weaknesses of the book




Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik is a remarkable book that has many strengths and few weaknesses. Some of the strengths are: - It is written in a clear, engaging, and humorous style that makes it easy to read and understand. - It is based on personal observations, experiences, and documents that make it authentic and credible. - It is balanced and fair in presenting both sides of the story without bias or propaganda. - It is informative and insightful in providing historical, political, military, and social context to the war. - It is respectful and compassionate in portraying the people involved in the war as human beings with emotions, motivations, and flaws.


Some of the weaknesses are: - It is not comprehensive or exhaustive in covering all aspects of the war. It focuses mainly on Dhaka and its surroundings and does not cover other regions or sectors of East Pakistan. - It is not analytical or critical in examining the causes and consequences of the war. It does not offer any solutions or recommendations for preventing or resolving such conflicts in the future. - It is not updated or revised to reflect the latest developments or research on the war. It was published in 1977 and does not include any new information or perspectives that have emerged since then.


How to Download Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik PDF for Free




Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik is a valuable book that deserves to be read by anyone interested in the history of South Asia, especially the 1971 Bangladesh War. However, it may not be easily available or affordable for some readers. Therefore, some may want to download it in PDF format for free. In this section, we will discuss the benefits of reading the book in PDF format, the legal and ethical issues of downloading it for free, and the best sources and methods to download it for free.


The benefits of reading the book in PDF format




Reading Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik in PDF format has several benefits over reading it in print or other formats. Some of these benefits are: - It is convenient and portable. You can read it on any device that supports PDF files, such as computers, tablets, smartphones, e-readers, etc. You can also store it on your device or cloud storage without taking up much space. - It is accessible and searchable. You can easily find and access it online without having to visit a library or a bookstore. You can also search for specific words or phrases within the file using a PDF reader or a browser. - It is customizable and interactive. You can adjust the font size, color, brightness, orientation, etc. according to your preference using a PDF reader. You can also highlight, annotate, bookmark, share, print, etc. using a PDF reader or a browser.


The legal and ethical issues of downloading the book for free




Downloading Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik in PDF format for free may seem like a good idea, but it also raises some legal and ethical issues that you should be aware of before doing so. Some of these issues are: - It may violate the copyright law. The book is protected by copyright law which grants exclusive rights to its author and publisher to reproduce, distribute, display, perform, etc. their work. Downloading it for free without their permission may infringe their rights and expose you to legal consequences. The best sources and methods to download the book for free




There are many sources and methods to download Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik in PDF format for free, but not all of them are reliable, safe, or legal. Some of them may contain viruses, malware, spyware, or other harmful software that can damage your device or compromise your privacy. Some of them may also provide low-quality, incomplete, or inaccurate files that can ruin your reading experience. Therefore, you should be careful and selective when choosing where and how to download the book for free.


Some of the best sources and methods to download Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik in PDF format for free are: - Archive.org: This is a reputable and legal website that provides free access to millions of books, documents, audio, video, and other media files. You can find Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik in PDF format on this website by searching for its title or author. You can also view it online or download it to your device using the download options available on the website. - Scribd.com: This is a popular and legal website that offers unlimited access to millions of books, documents, audiobooks, podcasts, magazines, etc. for a monthly subscription fee. You can find Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik in PDF format on this website by searching for its title or author. You can also view it online or download it to your device using the download options available on the website. However, you will need to sign up for a free trial or a paid subscription to access the full content of the book. - PDFDrive.com: This is a free and legal website that provides access to millions of PDF files from various sources. You can find Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik in PDF format on this website by searching for its title or author. You can also view it online or download it to your device using the download options available on the website.


Conclusion




Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik is a rare and valuable book that offers a firsthand account of the 1971 Bangladesh War from the perspective of a Pakistani officer who was stationed in Dhaka during the entire period. It is written in a clear, engaging, and humorous style that makes it easy to read and understand. It is based on personal observations, experiences, and documents that make it authentic and credible. It is balanced and fair in presenting both sides of the story without bias or propaganda. It is informative and insightful in providing historical, political, military, and social context to the war. It is respectful and compassionate in portraying the people involved in the war as human beings with emotions, motivations, and flaws.


However, it is not comprehensive or exhaustive in covering all aspects of the war. It focuses mainly on Dhaka and its surroundings and does not cover other regions or sectors of East Pakistan. It is not analytical or critical in examining the causes and consequences of the war. It does not offer any solutions or recommendations for preventing or resolving such conflicts in the future. It is not updated or revised to reflect the latest developments or research on the war.


If you are interested in reading Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik, you can download it in PDF format for free from various sources and methods. However, you should be aware of the legal and ethical issues of doing so and choose reliable, safe, and legal sources and methods. You should also respect the rights and interests of the author and publisher and consider buying a copy of the book if you can afford it.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions about Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik:



  • When was Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik published?



Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik was first published in 1977 by Oxford University Press.


  • Who is Siddiq Salik?



Siddiq Salik was a brigadier in the Pakistan Army who served as a public relations officer and a press adviser to various military commanders in East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh War. He was also a journalist and a writer who had published several books before Witness to Surrender.


  • What is the main message of Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik?



The main message of Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik is that war is a complex and tragic phenomenon that involves human beings with emotions, motivations, and flaws on both sides. It also shows that war can be avoided or resolved by understanding and respecting the political and cultural differences and aspirations of different people.


  • Is Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik biased or objective?



Witness to Surrender by Siddiq Salik is neither biased nor objective. It is a personal and subjective account of the war based on the author's observations, experiences, and documents. It does not claim to be the ultimate or definitive truth about the war. It does, however, try to be balanced and fair in presenting both sides of the story without bias or propaganda.


  • How can I contact Siddiq Salik?



Siddiq Salik passed away in 1988 in a plane crash. You can contact his family or his publisher for any queries or feedback about his book.


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